A Marcos Loyalist Makes A Last Hurrah For Marcos!

A Marcos loyalist had wandered into my blog and  called me names: ‘gunggong’ and ‘baklawhen I tried to compare the late dictator to the departed DILG Secretary.  One is hated, the other is well-loved.

He said that the comparison was way off because Marcos had the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant and a Sta.  Barbara nuclear project that could have handled the present Chinese aggression against RP on Scarborough shoals.

I would say that he could not even handle the mass of angry people armed only with flowers and rosary beads in February of 1986, how much more the Chinese in 2012, thirteen years after he was dead!

He considered Marcos a patriot, who tried to build a nuclear power plant and defensive missiles codenamed:  “Sta. Barbara Project,” that we can use against the present Chinese agression in our turf.  He is totally ignorant of the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant.  Typical of Marcos zealots who understand the man for the myths he adorned himself with and not for what he really is.  This particular zealot does not believe in books about Marcos because they were funded by anti-Marcos people.  He would believe only in pro-Marcos books and bloggers that used blinders to hide the truth.

Unluckily, he ventured into this blog which does not believe that Marcos was a patriot and a hero par excellence.  He should have gone to Bongbong’s or Imelda’s website and unload his macabre admiration of Da Apo and his family, whose last act in their ruthless rule of the country, was to pack duffel bags with cash, jewelries, gold, bank certificates, deposits accounts and newly-printed Philippine money from Central Bank and head off to Hawaii — leaving the economy bankrupt and their victims, the Filipino people, to pay for their debts from the World Bank/IMF.

Or maybe he was kidnapped by the CIA, imprisoned at Hickam Air Force Base in Hawaii, had to pay ransom in gold bars, gold bank deposits and Swiss bank accounts according to author Sterling Seagrave.  In which case, this has  similar undertones of the way Marcos had  ‘kidnapped’ the ‘oligarchs’ in the country to surrender their business empire to him and his cronies after  he declared martial law in 1972.

“What goes around, comes around!”

Anyway, here’s a credible account of the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant:

 “The crony who engineered the deal for Ferdinand Marcos was Herminio Disini. Disini was part of the royal family, married to Inday Escolin,  a first cousin of Imelda Marcos who also served as one of her physicians.  Like Eduardo Cojuangco, Disini was twenty years Ferdinand’s junior; like Rudi Cuenca, was a golf partner.  After martial law, Disini became president of the Wack Wack Country Club, the preserve of Manila’s old money.  Other players groused that Marcos and Disini cheated. Explained former golf partner M.J. Gonzales, “When Marcos played golf, he used his caddies, aides and bodyguards to do the dirty work. You could never pin anything on him personally.” Ferdinand had the lowest handicap of any chief executive in the world, which meant a lot to him.

Disini’s big break came in the early 1970s, when Ferdinand used him to take over the cigarette filter business in the islands – long dominated by a British-American firm called Filtrona Philippines, Inc.  Together they forced Filtrona out of business, leaving Disini’s Philippine Tobacco Filters Corporation with monopoly worth $1 million a month in profits. Disini then made a deal with Ferdinand‘s friend Lucio Tan, head of Fortune Tobacco, selling Tan filters so cheap that his cigarettes could undercut rivals and drive competition out of the market.  In appreciation, Tan gave  president Marcos $11 million in campaign contributions, plus $2.5 million a year.  (In the process, Tan avoided paying some $5 million a year in taxes.

With all the money he made in these deals, Disini created Herdis Group, Inc., a conglomerate of fifty companies with $1 billion in assets.  Not wanting to tie up his own millions, he did it all with borrowed money, exploiting Philippine government guarantees that were irresistible to foreign bankers. Disini hardly seems like the sort of man you would trust to build a nuclear power plant.  There were other strange aspects to the project.  The power plant sits on a jungle bluff in Bataan overlooking a stretch of the South China Sea –a site subject to tsunami tidal waves, 5 miles from a dormant volcano, and only 25 miles from three geologic faults.

It all began in 1973, when President Marcos ordered National Power (Corporation) to negotiate a deal to buy 600-megawatt nuclear plants. General Electric showed interest and began negotiating with National Power.  The Westinghouse district manager for the Philippines sought help from Jesus Vergara, president of Asia Industries which handled distribution in the islands for Westinghouse. Vergara knew how things worked and advised Westinghouse that if it wanted to beat GE to the punch, it should hire a lobbyist close to Marcos, a man like Disini.

On the golf course, Vergara mentioned the job to Disini, pointing out that his commission could run into millions. Disini arranged for Westinghouse executives do discuss their proposal in private with Ferdinand. Westinghouse offered to supply a single plant with two 620-megawatt reactors at a price of $500 million. Additional charge for fuel, power transmission lines, and so forth raised the estimated total around $650 million.

After this private audience, Ferdinand ordered the general manager of National Power, Ramon Ravanzo, to give the business to Westinghouse. There was to be no competitive bidding.

During nine months of cultivating National Power and discussing its own proposals, GE had never gone straight to the palace.  At a meeting with officials of National Power in the office of executive Secretary Alex Melchor, GE learned to its dismay that Westinghouse had the contract sewed up.

Melchor thinking that he still might persuade Ferdinand to drop Westinghouse if the GE proposal proved to make more sense assembled a team of experts to compare the costs and technical details of the two proposals.  Melchor’s team found nearly every alternative cheaper than Westinghouse.  But whatever deal Ferdinand had struck with Westinghouse pleased him so much that he was not moved by any of these arguments.

Already, the Westinghouse price was beginning to grow.  When Westinghouse first got the deal, U.S. Ambassador Sullivan had told Washington that the reported cost of $500 million appeared to be low by at least 20 per cent.  By September, Sullivan was advising Washington that Westinghouse now said that the cost would be over $1 billion. Sullivan cabled Secretary of State Kissinger:  “I stressed that embassy considered great deal of American prestige riding on Westinghouse performance, and that therefore we intended to follow project closely.  I pointed out that this was in effect Filipino Aswan Dam, being largest and most expensive construction project ever undertaken in this country… current cost estimates are over one billion dollars.”

By the time a formal contract was signed in February 1976, the deal was hardly recognizable.  The power plant would not have not two but only one 626-megawatt reactor.  At the prices Westinghouse was not quoting, international banks would not give Manila a loan big enough to finance the second generator.  Instead of getting two reactors for $659 million, the Philippines were getting one reactor, with half the power output, for $722 million.  It would cost another $387 million for interest and escalation costs, bringing the total price at $1.1 billion.  Given past experience, Filipinos naturally assumed that Westinghouse had bribed the president — or, to put it the other way around, that Ferdinand had demanded a huge kickback and that Westinghouse had agreed in order to snatch the deal away from GE. They speculated that “in the usual manner,” the Marcos slice had grown larger and larger to accommodate Disini and other cronies down the line and as the First Lady and her family and followers queued up.

According to Vergara who had asked Disini to intercede with Malacanang in the first place, Westinghouse paid Disini a commission of at least $50 million.  Vergara said Disini gave Marcos $30 million of that, and split the  rest with Vergara and Disini’s business partner, Rodolfo Jacob.  This meant  that Ferdinand demanded and received from Disini not just 10 per cent or 20 percent or 40 per cent, but a whopping 60  percent.  Jacob confirmed that kickbacks went to Marcos, without verifying how much.  A new Disini company, Power Contractors, Inc., became chief subcontractor of civil works in the project.  Another Disini outfit, Technosphere Consultants Group, provided engineering and construction management. The contract to install communications at the site was also won by a Disini –related company.  And Disini’s Summa Insurance Corporation was paid $10 million premium to write a $668 million policy on the project – the largest single policy ever written in the Philippines.  Disini took over Asia Industries, becoming Westinghouse’s Philippine distributor.

Westinghouse denied that any money went to Marcos, and said it paid Disini only $17 million in commissions. According to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, a district manager for Westinghouse in the Philippines destroyed six volumes of documents related to the project, then retired.

Once financing was finally arranged with the U.S. Export-Import bank, Westinghouse needed a place to build the plant.   The Marcos and Romualdez family had taken over a large part of Bataan, opposite Corregidor, some of which was used to build a presidential seaside retreat, the rest turned into a tax-free industrial development zone – in which the lure of tax incentives was used to induce companies to buy sites from the royal family. Apparently Ferdinand made it a condition of the Westinghouse contract that the nuclear power plant had to be built in Bataan.

National Power, with the help from the U.N.’s International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), picked a seaside location there, and hired Ebasco Service, a subsidiary of Enserch Corporation of Dallas, to test the safety of the site and monitor construction. Ebasco concluded that the site was vulnerable to tidal waves.  National Power compromised on a nearby bluff.  Westinghouse began clearing the site in March 1976 before National Power had obtained a construction permit and while Ebasco engineers were still trying to determine whether the bluff site was safe; bulldozers interfered with seismic tests.  Filipinos wondered if anyone had considered the danger of earthquakes and the dormant volcano, Mount Natib, five miles away.  A team from the International Atomic energy Agency visited the site in 1978 and recommended that construction be halted until further tests were completed.  By then, Westinghouse had already spent about $200 million on the plant.

The head of the Philippine Atomic Energy Commission, Librado Ibe, said his arm was twisted by cabinet officials to let the project proceed, and that he was wined and dined and offered prostitutes by Westinghouse with continual reminders that this was a pet project of President Marcos.  Ibe gave in and issued the construction permit in April 1979, a week after the Three Mile Island accident, then took his wife and two younger children and moved to the United States.  His fear for their safety seemed justified. Bankers who had questioned earlier deals by Marcos cronies had been assaulted by thugs, and were warned that their families were in danger.

Several months later, Ferdinand acted on his own experts’ advice and halted construction himself, ordering investigation (into the technical side, not the financial side).  The investigators concluded that the design was unsafe, and recommended changes to incorporate new safety features after Three Mile Island.  Westinghouse renegotiated the contract to meet these objections and the price rose to $1.1 billion — $55 million for added safety equipment, $646 million for higher interest costs and inflation. Eventually, the cost reached $2.2 billion.  Work on the project pushed through to completion in 1984, as if Westinghouse itself had had enough and wanted to get out.  Observers wondered whether Ferdinand had really interrupted the work because of concern for safety – or because he had found yet another way to hold Westinghouse’s feet to the fire.

At about the same time, Disini’s business empire suddenly collapsed.  He left the Philippines hastily for Austria, where he had taken the precaution of salting much of his wealth, and where he had purchased a palace outside Vienna.  Fortunately, Disini had lots of friends in Austria.  During his travel with Imelda, Disini and the First Lady had become good friends with Kurt Waldheim.

As former secretary of defense and head of the World Bank, McNamara surely had access to secret information about Ferdinand and Imelda. Could he have been ignorant of the dark side of the regime?  Since Martial law, the World Bank had poured more than $2 billion into the Philippine economy, much of it diverted by the Marcoses into Swiss banks.  It was partly at the encouragement of the World Bank that private banks and banking consortia were footing the bills for improvable ventures by Marcos cronies involving land grabs, company takeovers, gigantic kickbacks and policies provoking widespread famine.  How could the Marcos regime be a “good risks?”

 It appears that the Bank was not ignorant as it pretended to be, which became clear with the leak of the Ascher Memorandum in December 1980. This provided what one critic called “a rare glimpse of the cold rationality and lucid class consciousness that guide the actions of one of the capitalist world’s most tight-lipped institutions.”  The Ascher Memorandum laid down guidelines by which the bank could begin to distance itself from the Marcos regime as it headed toward disaster.   That it was leaked right after Ronald Reagan was elected president revealed the concern  of some people in the foreign  policy community in Washington that Reagan was  going to  put its support behind Marcos at the very moment when Ferdinand bubble was about to burst.  What emerges from the memorandum is a simple rule of thumb:  There is nothing wrong with the Bank actively supporting a brutal and unscrupulous regime so long as the Bank gets out from under before the regime collapses.  The Bank can demand payment of debt from whoever picks up the pieces.  From the World Bank’s point of view, a dictator’s bills can be paid just as readily by his victims. “ (Marcos Dynasty, Sterling Seagrave, p. 289-94).

151 thoughts on “A Marcos Loyalist Makes A Last Hurrah For Marcos!

  1. Wow. The insides of a bad deal, powered by personal money politics. A huge investment with zero long term payback. What a waste.

    I thought your parallel between Robredo and Marcos was very insightful. They each reached the same fork in the road, but went different directions.

    After riding out last night’s quake, I have turned against nuclear power for the Philippines. There is no safe location. Harvest the wind, the waves, the geo-thermal, the sun, the Spratley oil. Lots of that.

      • We’re good, jcc, thanks. It was quite a ride though, huge sideways waves through the ground by the time it got to us.

      • There was a healthy discussions that touched the charter change at #12 & replies and #7.2 & replies at Raissa’s blog titiled…Dear CA: Be more honest in explaining why you bypassed Robredo 3 times. So I decided to draw a rough draft about the subject, and since you are a lawyer, I thought, it’s better if you are the first one to read, and maybe form an opinion about it…then maybe share to other blogs like Raissa’s.
        Would it be okay to you to post it here, a bit long…about 16 kilo bytes??

          • Thanks jcc

            My thought:

            For so many years, I have rejected outright the idea that the Philippines should change to a parliamentary form of government. I am still opposing it up to now, unless we follow the exact replica of either the British or Austalian Constitution or some tiny bit of variations.
            If ever there will be a constitutional change, a Constitutional Convention should be set up (as perigrino natividad suggested in one of his comments at Raissa’s blog), wherein the elected Delegates would come from all sectors of the society.

            Article Zero (Prerequisites)
            Prerequisites before even considering electing delegates and convening a ConCon. No sections of this preliminary requirements shall be removed, nor the substance of this draft shall be adulterated or watered down. All of the 16 sections shall be included and enshrined to the proposed Constitution.
            To avoid confusion, interpretation, and argumentation…any provisions of this Constitution shall provide explanation, definition, and meaning to terms that are conflicting or that may evoke disagreements.
            Whatever form of government (Parliamentary, Presidential) ConCon decides, and agreed by the people thru the plebiscite that will be held in sync with the Presidential Elections, and if ratified, shall take effect 6 years later…at 12 noon, June 30, (2016 for example) immediately following the National (Presidential) Elections held on the second Monday of May and shall coincide to the oath taking of the newly elected President from the just concluded May elections, thus avoiding the necessity of a transitional government. In other words, life continues, as if no dramatic change has occurred. The elected President or the Prime Minister holds office right after taking his/her oath.
            Presidential Decrees issued by Marcos shall become invalid. If the Delegates find any of them relevant or necessary. make some amendments and include them in the Constitution.

            1. Complsory Voting and Block Voting
            a) Voting is not only a right but most importantly a duty of all the Citizen and shall be compulsory. Failure to vote in any national or midterm elections without a valid reason shall be punishable by a fine of P5,000 for the first offense, and progressively doubles to suceeding offenses, meaning a third offense shall incur P20,000, 4th offense shall be P40,000 and so forth. The 4th offense and thereafter shall attract a 30 days community service, which shall progressively doubles aside from the fine.
            b) Voters may either vote for a particular Party or for any choosen candidates.
            c) Voters shall completely fill out their ballot papers with the names of candidates that correspond to the positions aspired for. As an example, all 12 senatorial seats, must be filled out completely. An incomplete ballot paper shall be rendered invalid.

            2. There shall only be Two (2) Political Parties. There shall be no TURNCOATS. Changing a Political Party and floor crossing shall not be allowed in any circumstances.
            An individual who renounced publicly his party affiliation, shall be allowed to beome active again in politics after 12 years of INACTIVITY in the political procedures as enumerated below:
            a) political party membership; b) campaigning for or against any political candidates or any political parties; c) commenting in any form of medium for or against any political candidates or any political parties.
            For clarification, the meaning of floor crossing in this instance is voting against one’s party’s stand on a matter that is being deliberated in Congress or Parliament, and TURNCOAT means disloyalty or betrayal of an individual’s own political party.
            a) Any hint of being a turncoat, by actions; deeds; speeches; and the likes by any politician, or by his/her immediate family (children, husband, wives, live-in partners,), shall be immediately dismissed from office. He/She and next of kin, such as, children; husbands; wives; live-in partners, shall no longer be eligible for any governmental employment, nor to any elective public office, and his/her retirement benefit shall be forfeited in favor of the State, nor can participate to any electoral processes, such as membership of any political party, voting, campaigning for or against any political candidate or political party.
            b) Any member of Congress or Parliament who crosses the floor in any deliberation in connection with the passage of a certain Bill shall be immediately be dismissed. He/She and next of kin, such as, husbands; wives; live-in partners; children, shall no longer be eligible for any governmental employment, nor any elective public office, and his/her retirement benefit shall be forfeited in favor of the State.
            c) Immediately dismissed means, the dismissal takes effect in 24 hours. The dismissal is final and executory. No judicial court shall hear or entertain an appeal, reconsideration, or whatsoever for the purpose of overturning, such dismissal. Furthemore, the Bill of Rights shall not apply to this particular transgressions.
            In cases that any of his/her staff, commited the breach, the person/s responsible shall be immediately sacked and shall no longer be eligible for any governmental employment, nor any elective public office. nor can participate to any electoral processes, such as membership of any political party, voting, campaigning for or against any political candidate. He/She and next of kin, such as, parents; husband; wives; live-in partners; children; grandparents; grandchildren; and siblings, shall no longer be eligible for any governmental employment, nor any elective public office, and his/her retirement benefit shall be forfeited in favor of the State.

            Any Filipino citizen may join or be a member of any party, and entitled to run for any political public office as an independent, or otherwise.
            An Independent politician is subject to the turncoatism and floor-crossing clause. the benefit, entitlement, and punishment shall apply to him/her and next of kin, as if he/she belonged to any political party. He/She and next of kin, such as, husband; wives; children, shall no longer be eligible for any governmental employment, nor any elective public office, and his/her retirement benefit shall be forfeited in favor of the State.
            d) Independent means one or single entity. Two or more Independents joining, corroborating, conniving and helping each other, shall be perceived as forming a union, and as such, shall mean a political party of its own, and contravenes section 2 of the Article Zero (Prerequisites), thereby, these Independents are guilty of (turncoatism) being a turncoat.
            3. Elections will be held simultaneously every 3 years, on the 2nd Monday of May, or the fixed date shall be finalized by the ConCon Delegates.
            a) 20 years after the effectivity of this Constitution, the lower house of Congress or of the Parliament in their discretion or initiative and by a vote of 3/4 of at least 90% of all its members present to form a quorum, may repeal or amend the number of terms and number of years each term, an elected public official shall serve, but not more than 2 terms and not a single day more than 8 years in a specified position. The elections interval shall also be changed in conjunction of this amended Section 3.
            Specified position means Mayor, Councilor, Governor and other elective positions.
            b) Amending this section 3 is subject to a national referendum and shall take effect 5 years later.
            4. Plebiscites and Referendums shall always be held synchronously with local or national elections only and not with Barangay or Barrio level.
            5. The President shall serve a one (1) six-year term and shall be prohibited for any other elective public office after completing 2 days or more in office. Once the provision to the term of the president is repealed or amended 20 years ater this Constitution becomes effective, the President shall serve for 4 years in the first term and consecutively for another term of 4 years if reelected, but not a day longer than 8 years as prescribed by law, and shall be prohibited for any other elective public office after completing 2 days or more in office in the second term.
            The President who lost his reelection bid, shall no longer be entitled to run for any elective public office.
            Any of the President’s immediate family, biological or otherwise, such as, children, parents, siblings, husbands, wives, live-in partners, shall be precluded from seeking Presidency or Vice Presidency during the Presidents term of office, or 3 years thereafter.
            In a parliamentary form of government, the Prime Minister, shall serve consecutively of a one (1) three-year term and if reelected, another three-year term. The prime Minister shall be prohibited for any other elective public office after completing a total of more than 400 days in office. Once the provision to the term of the Prime Minister is repealed or amended 20 years ater this Constitution becomes effective, the Prime Minister shall serve for 4 years in the first term and consecutively for another term of 4 years if reelected, but not a day longer than 8 years as prescribed by law, and shall be ineligible to any other elected public office after completing 400 days or more in office.
            The Prime Minister who lost his bid for a second term, shall be ineligible to seek for any other elective public office.
            In the event that the Prime Minister passed away or incapacitated for whatever reason, the Deputy Prime Minister, shall temporarily assume the Prime Ministership for no longer than 10 days. The Party in power shall immediately, not longer in 8 days, appoint a Leader to become the Prime Minister.
            The Prime Minister who served in an acting capacity for no more than 30 days in total shall be eligible to seek for Prime Ministership and serve for a total of 6 years. Or 8 years should the number of years in one term is changed, 20 years after the effectivity of the new Constitution.

            6. Two or more members of the same family, biological or otherwise, such as, children, parents, siblings, husbands, wives, live-in partners, shall be precluded from seeking Congressional Seats…as an example, two (2) brothers in the House of the Representatives…or one brother in the House of the Representatives and another at the Senate.

            7. Two or more members of the same family, biological or otherwise, such as, children, parents, siblings, husbands, wives, live-in partners, shall be precluded from seeking any elective public office in any given barangay, barrio, town, city, or province. Examples are…brothers in a barangay; brothers in a town; brothers in a city; brothers in a province, a brother in a barangay as councilman and the other brother as town or city councilor, one brother as barangay elected official and the other as a provincial elected official.
            a) Any infraction of section 6 and section 7 of Article Zero shall mean an automatic and instant disqualification or dismissal from the offices sought for, for the people involved and a fine of 100 milliom pesos.
            b) Violators of this provision shall be prohibited from seeking any elective public office for life.
            c) No judicial court shall hear or entertain an appeal, reconsideration, or whatsoever for the purpose of overturning, such disqualification or dismissal. Bill of Rights in this case is not applicable.

            8. Any ConCon Delegate and their next of kin within the first degree of consanguinity or affinity, enumerated as follows: children; siblings; husband; wives parents; live-inpartners; grandchildren; grandparents, shall be precluded from seeking any public office or any elected public office, 12 years after the effectivity of the new Constitution.

            9. All Government employees, including the Cabinet Members, and elected public officials shall resign from their respective positions at least 5 days before filing a Certificate of Candidacy, or deemed to be resigned, the very moment they publicly announced their intentions for an elective public office. All Government employees, including the Cabinet Members, and elected public officials, shall not be reinstated to their previous positions nor they can seek other government positions, 2 years after losing the elections they have just participated into.

            10. A Congressman and that of a Senator relatives, such as, children; parents; siblings; husbands; wives; grandparents; grandchildren; live-in partners, shall be precluded from seeking any elective public office, during their incumbency, or 400 days after they left office for whatever reason.

            11. The Vice President shall be of the same polical party to that of the President’s. In an election, the vote for the President is also the vote for the Vice President. The Vice President shall serve concurrenly with the President. In the event the Vice President. passed away, resigned or is incapacitated for whatever reason, the replacement shall be appointed by the President among his party mates in the House of the Representatives.
            The Vice President, after completing the term/s of his/her office, shall only be eligible to seek for the presidential office.
            In the event the President passed away, resigned or is incapacitated for whatever reason, the Vice President shall assume the presidency until the oath taking of the next elected President. The Vice President who replaced the President for whatever reason, and served the presidency for 700 days or less, is eligible to run for one (1) and only presidential term of 4 years, but never be eligible to run for a presidential term other than a 4-year term.

            12. Governor and Vice Governor shall belong to the same Party.

            13. Mayor and Vice Mayor shall belong to one Party.

            14. Schools, hospitals, and businesses of Churches of whatever denomination, shall pay appropriate taxes.

            15. The Constitution shall be strictly complied to and followed to the letter. Speculation of what on the mind of the Constitution’s Delegates shall not be entertained in interpreting the Constitution.

            16. In reference to all of the Constitutions, the 1935; 1973; 1986; 1987; and others, this 2016 Constitution shall prevail over any others, in cases of conflict.

            The President or Prime Minister, if he/she so desires, shall be entitled for membership to the National Security Council, except that he/she was disqualified from any public office for any felony, misconduct, or misdemeanor.
            The President or Prime Minister, subject to qualification, shall be entitled to a vacant ambassadorship to the United Nations or to any country, he/she desires.

                  • hi jcc:

                    I meant former Presidents or former Prime Ministers to the last paragraph…The President or Prime Minister, if he/she so desires, shall be entitled for membership to the National Security Council, except that he/she was disqualified from any public office for any felony, misconduct, or misdemeanor.
                    The President or Prime Minister, subject to qualification, shall be entitled to a vacant ambassadorship to the United Nations or to any country, he/she desires.

                  • Hi jcc:

                    Upon revisiting this ConCon rough draft. the floor-crossing clause is somewhat like imbalance and does not conform in enacting Laws in a Presidential System of government.

                    Changes are as follow:

                    There shall be no TURNCOATS. Changing a Political Party shall not be allowed in any circumstances.

                    a. In parliamentary system, floor crossing is precluded. Every member of the Parliament shall have a definite stand on any Bill being deliberated. Abstention is prohibited, nor shall apply, therefore, the vote of the party shall be the vote of of its members, whether that member is present or not.

                    In a Parliamentary Form of Government, an elected Independent Member of Parliament, upon taking oath of office, shall declare his support to either one of the two (2) State-recognized political parties, and shall remained as such until after 12 years of being inactive in politics.

                    In a Parliamentary Form of Government, an Independent Member of Parliament is subject to the turncoatism and floor-crossing clause.

      • I admire the amount of detail to the story. It leaves me thinking if the Nuclear power plant in Fukushima Japan, which is by the sea and within the pacific rim of fire and experienced earthquake and tsunami in 2011, was also done by corrupt people. Hmmm….

        • Hi jcc:

          This is a re post. The web format of the other one does not look good to the eye.

          Upon revisiting this ConCon rough draft. the floor-crossing clause is somewhat like imbalance and does not conform in enacting Laws in a Presidential System of government.

          Changes are as follow:

          There shall be no TURNCOATS. Changing a Political Party shall not be allowed in any circumstances.

          a. In parliamentary system, floor crossing is precluded. Every member of the Parliament shall have a definite stand on any Bill being deliberated. Abstention is prohibited, nor shall apply, therefore, the vote of the party shall be the vote of of its members, whether that member is present or not.

          In a Parliamentary Form of Government, an elected Independent Member of Parliament, upon taking oath of office, shall declare his support to either one of the two (2) State-recognized political parties, and shall remained as such until after 12 years of being inactive in politics.

          In a Parliamentary Form of Government, an Independent Member of Parliament is subject to the turncoatism and floor-crossing clause.

    • Annalisagarcia Blanco • 4 minutes ago
      Primitivo Mijares was in and out of Marcos’ office as one of the most trusted media personnels. He was a spoiled journalist but did not like to be filtered by Romualdez and Imelda. A self-supporting student assigned by Imelda to assist and observe Mijares who had been careless in the last few days found out some coded documents that Mijares was up to no good behind Ferdinand and Imelda.

      Imelda asked her brother to warn Mijares but denied the allegations and they have had big arguments. Marcos advised Mijares there’s a chain of command changes and he has to go through Imelda and Romualdez. Marcos also reminded him not to pursue anything silly since his administration had given him fair treatment.

      Mijares tended his resignation and despite what happened Marcos offered him $100,000 for his great services and separation pay and wish him good luck. He again reminded him not to double cross or publish anything about his name just to gain money and popularity without his permission if his aim is to destroy his name.

      Mijares thought he had him in his throat. He refused the payment thinking he would make more money selling the book he wrote against the Marcoses. Once he’s in U. S. he worked with some Americans who despised the couple to sensationalize the story that might help his book sell millions of copies and become famous.

      Ferdinand Marcos denied the allegations of corruptions and killings when he delivered his speech in America and challenged everyone including the Human Rights to visit the Philippines and even pay for their round trip tickets. As usual all the allegations have not been proven to this day.

  2. I’m sorry, tumaas na nmn ang high blood ko… what can we do with our kapwa filipinos like him (Jaime?) you just keep your cool…I’m going to get all those books you mentioned, I’m very eager to read more about Marcos. Thanks for the article it awakens the long asleep giants.

  3. whahahha pilipinas – walang nuclear power plant< pero makabayan daw pinoy, halos lahat ng first world country may nuke plant at mababa singil sa kuryente…dito pinas makabayan gusto mahal ang kuryente para sa masang bayan.. wala rin battle tanks- kasi friendly daw mga pinoy, marcos time nag re research ng missile at nuke,at may fighter jet, ayaw ng pumalit sa kanya kasi friendly pinoy,, hahahha nagkaroon ng olympic kulelat pinoy walang medal whahahhaha<<< hoy di mo ba napansin karamihan ng mga may medal sa olympic sila rin ang mga powerful na bansa, di lang sa sports, at pati na sa military at economy… malaysia meron submarine dalawa, at kayo nabubuhay sa libro ahahahaha kumita na kayo siguro dyan. pero yun masang pinoy na pinagtanggol nyo nuon kuno iniwan nyo sa ere… lol

    gigantic kickbacks and policies provoking widespread famine.<<
    widespread famine wahahah nuon galit na galit kayo dahil galunggong kinakain ng mahirap.. sabi nyo nuon di makatao ng pumalit kayo naging noodles na lang at di na mabili ang galunggong dahil mahal na rin.. wahahahhaha puro english lang kayo sarswela o payola.. di totoo " simple lang naman yan" WHAT YOU SEE IS WHAT YOU GET! sige nga gumawa ka ng article at isama mo na rin gumawa si cho para sa privatization at ginawa nyo din contractualization law!! nakakatawa. kinagat kayo ng sarili nyong kabayanihan…. 🙂

    • patricia laurel.. tingnan mo nga sa FB niya kung saan siya nag-aral? sa japan! — kakutsaba din siguro ang mga mgagulang niya sa paghanap ng yamashita treasure.. 🙂 the senior laurel of the philippines is a japanese collaborator who let marcos free from the murder of nalundasan.

    • Grabe, jaimes. Napake-akademikong diskurso talaga ang tinatahol mo, no? Facebook? Mahiya sana ang buong mundo sa kakayahan mong maghanap ng mapagkakatiwalaang source. Sabagay no, lahat naman na ibang mga media puro bayaran.

      Pare, umayos ka nga. Nahihiya akong matawag na Pilipino habang buhay ka pa. Magbasa ka lang sana ng isang libro, okay na yon. O kahit isang artikulo lang naman sa dyaryo. O kahit na komiks. Pag masyado pang advanced sa’yo, subukan mo yung pinapanood ng pinsan ko, yung Dora. Baka gumaling na yung reading comprehension mo. Marunong ka nga ba talagang magbasa?

  4. o ito galing dun basahin mo masipag ka naman magbasa. ako mas sa totoo lang ako.. amputsa<< pati ba naman ninakaw na kuryente ipapasa sa hindi nagnanakaw ng kuryente.. at ang daming pautot na charges sa meralco bill < ito ba yun pinaglaban mo at ni cho :0

  5. Myths about privatization
    By Rod Kapunan | Posted on September 01, 2012 | 12:01am | 149 views

    Many could not understand why privatization sought to impose a ban on government participation in business. What is wrong in the government participating in business? Maybe government entry could be assailed if its objective is to monopolize the production and distribution of goods or services understood as “nationalization”.

    On the contrary, for the State to participate is to put on track free enterprise. Capitalism, left alone, has never been a perfected economic system. It always ends up in monopoly by undercutting prices, dumping or even smuggling all designed to eliminate competition.

    Free enterprise is saddled with problems inherent in the system like the formation of oligopolies and cartels, price manipulation, dumping, hoarding, and all sorts of unfair business practices. Such practice invariably results in the harsh exploitation of the workers. Capitalists take them as their first victim, not their business rivals, to reduce production cost. Corollary to that is their tendency to evade or reduce payment of taxes.

    Such problems however cannot be resolved by nationalizing problematic industries. Leaders like the late President Marcos insisted that the government should instead participate in business like any private enterprise endeavoring to earn profit. State-owned enterprises could play the role to break the cartel that controls and dictates the price of goods, and prevent the entry of legitimate competitors through price rigging. In that instance, the government could level their price with the rest in the industry, deterred from resorting to hoarding to artificially create shortage.

    As a stepping stone to industrialization, SOEs, as base industries, are meant to generate capital. The accumulated capital, in turn, is used to finance the building of even more complex industries as what Korea, China, Singapore and Malaysia did to achieve a respectable level of industrialization manufacturing high value products and promoting massive employment.

    In a “mixed economy”, profit is not really stifled but regulated by the natural operation of the market forces of which the SOEs play a vital role to reduce production cost. This explains why at the outset, the privatization of the strategic industries such as the importation, refining and distribution oil; water distribution; and the generation and distribution of electricity to reduce their prices was doomed to fail. If some managed to compete, it was an oligopoly competition than an honest-to-goodness one.

    In the end, the promise of bringing down the prices of goods and services became a myth only former President Ramos and his disciples continue to blindly believe. Artificial competition was carried out by a system of syndicated cartel amplified today by the unrestrained increase in the prices of fuel, water, electricity and its subsequent trading beyond one’s wildest imagination.

    Maybe tax collection increased because of the high cost paid, but that was not the result of increased sales. It was the result of a depreciated currency caused by inflation, increased operations cost, high salary for the new executives, and unrestricted profit that borders on greed.

    In fact, anybody who knows a little of economics and uses his common sense to apply the basic laws on commerce could readily tell that when the price of certain goods and services are deregulated, that amounts to an implied legalization of the cartel. This explains why some countries regulate, restrict and control the prices of goods manufactured and services undertaken by strategic and vital industries, or even forthrightly nationalize them.

    That became a necessity because there could only be one or few players by the nature of the industry. That effectively encouraged the uniform fixing of price among the players; to either increase after the unwanted competitors had been eliminated or to unduly bring down their prices, even at a loss, to ease them out of the market through cutthroat competition.

    True competition occurs only when there are many competitors impersonally interacting in the open market. In monopoly or oligopoly industries, the formation of cartel is bound to happen, and this explains why the buyers of those government-owned enterprises, as pre-condition for their purchase, sought to append a law on the privatization binge of the Ramos administration by seeking to deregulate the prices of their goods and services. The subsequent approval of that law made operational the mechanism of an airtight syndicated cartel, viz. with the government placed in a straightjacket.

    So, the hot air flaunted by the Ramos government turned out to be a foul smell. Some say it was criminal because the runaway prices offered by the privatized industries reflect more of price rigging. For instance, just before Marcos was removed from office, the price of unleaded gasoline was at P7 and diesel at P4 per liter. Today unleaded gasoline is at P55 and diesel at P45 per liter. During his time, per tank of LPG at 11 kilograms cost about P56. Today, per tank costs more than P800. Water, before it was privatized, was at P2.50 per cubic meter. Now it costs about P25 to P30 per cubic meter. Electricity cost ranged from 18 to 22 centavos per kilowatt. Now the average charge is at P13.37 per kilowatt hour.

    Many of our people suffered because privatization removed from them the remaining clutch that would secure their welfare. The whole concept of serving the people is now confined to just collecting taxes, which if one would take a second look is plain extortion because payment of taxes demands a corresponding public service. The government now demands a fee for every service it renders contrary to the classical theory that it is obligated to return what it collects by way of services like free hospitalization, education, low cost housing, etc. and subsidy in the cost, say of rice, water, oil and electricity.

    To relegate everything to the private sector is to make a mockery of free enterprise because without government participation, it is nothing more but economic anarchy.

  6. Hoy mataas ang respeto ko kay sec.robredo,, pero yun magda drama ka pa na ikumpara kung kanino, yun ang di okey sa paniwala ko.. ikaw gusto mo ikumpara ka din sa ibang blogger.

  7. Ito basahin mo din tutal book reader ka eh

    Greed & Betrayal: The Sequel To The 1986 Edsa Revolution
    by Cecilio T. Arillo

    The world exalts the restoration of democracy by Corazon Aquino and her cohorts. What happens soon after is whitewashed and made fragrant by history book writers who felt it necessary to hold the students’ hand and paint a black and white tale of morality with Aquino and the Yellows as heroes and Marcoses as the evil villains.

    The Aquino government did not bring salvation. This book makes you believe it. It’s hard to argue when the author backs up every statement with research. Arillo lists atrocity after atrocity of neglect, adhocracy, incompetency, the greed and betrayal of Cory Aquino’s government.

    A must read for every Filipino and for everyone who believes in the Parliament of the Streets. —– Greed & Betrayal: The Sequel To The 1986 Edsa Revolution
    by Cecilio T. Arillo

  8. @cho what can we do with our kapwa filipinos like him (Jaime?) Thanks for the article it awakens the long asleep giants.
    6:46 AM<<<<<—

    baka naman cho nasa america ka kaya ang aga mo mag post, tsk tsk (ang daming ganyang sa blogs typical na dakdakera pero nasa america, , mga kunwari simpatyang simpatya sa pilipinas sa abroad pala nakatira buong pamilya) .. nagtatanong lang po kasi nga pano nyo mararamdaman ang sitwasyon kung wala ka duon tsk tsk tsk!

    yun cho mo ba ay ito Chongbians? isa kasi sa binanggit ito eh ahahahha


  9. hehehee.. kaya pala naman… mga propaganda ni marcos iyong binabasa mo..

    si kapunan naman ay ram soldier na nanilbilhan kay marcos at inahas nila si marcos dahil sila ang gustong mamuno sa bayan sapamamagitan ng ‘military junta.’ kasama niya si enrile at honasan.

    i was trying to inform by bringing to the people matters they could not afford because these books are rare and out of circulation.

    do you know how much the book of primitivo mijares, conjugal dictatorship cost? between $80-$200. and do you know what happened to mijares and his 17 yeard old son after the book hit off the streets? they were murdered.

    if you believe in marcos wallow in it..

    and the anti-pinoy website is your idea of patriotisim… 🙂

    i rest my case.

    • anti-pinoy website is your idea of patriotisim? di lang yun na post ko ah. hayaan mo dadagdagan ko ng iba pang blogger hahanap pa ako wait lang

      • magbasa ka ng ibang source. selective processing ang ginagawa mo.. pero kung naniniwala ka na si marcos ay bayani… tapos ang argumento… please lang make your own blog to promote marcos.. don’t clutter my blog with pro-marcos diarrhea… this blog does not believe in marcos.. or go to imelda’s or bongbong’s blog.

  10. iyong atrocities during cory’s time gawa din ng dating ‘martial law’ apparatus ni marcos. iyon gusto nga nilang buwagin din ang gobyerno ni cory kaya sila naglunsad ng 8 coup d’etat… 🙂

    • Hear say. Those where supported by people who wanted Marcos out. They pretty much know that a country run by an inexperienced house wife who can are easily fooled by advisers and not to mention, a housewife who definitely know how to protect their status by altering the Constitution is but a cancer that would someday ruin the whole country and they weren’t wrong about that.

      • my my my…. by golly…. grow up and review your philippine history especially during the 20 years of marcos rule.. please read the book by ricardo manapat, “smarter than others.’ waltzing with a dictator by raymond bonner, closer than brothers by alfred w. mccoy, then go back to this blog site if you still detest cory and admire marcos. you must be an ilocano, but read F. Sionil Jose, he is an Ilocano who sees Marcos in different light.

  11. o anong nangyari sa sta. barbara project? nafreezer din ba tulad ng bataan nuclear plant dahil sa ‘corruption?’

    may isa pang ambisyon si marcos na sakupin ang borneo.. at ng magrebelde ang mga muslim na ginugutom at hindi pinasasahod, pinagpapatay nila maliban kay arula na nakatakas kaya nabulgar ang project ni marcos. gusto ni marcos na sakupin ito dahil ginawa siyang “attorney-in-fact” ng datu ng mindanao na may claim dito sa borneo… pagnakuha nga naman niya iyong borneo using muslim recruits di may 20 per cent na naman siya sa borneo.


  12. iyong bongbong missiles alam ko iyong sinasabi mong sta barbara hindi… pero ang tanong ko anong nangyari? marcos was the ruler for almost 20 years.. the project did not succeed dahil marami naman sigurong kumita sa proyekto at naubos ang pera sa mga kickbacks.

  13. sabi nga pala ng isang komenter duon sa sta. barbara project na kasama dito iyong submarine project hindi pang defensa kung hindi para hakutin iyong mga gold bars the marcos. 🙂

    ito iyong comment sa ibinigay mong link:

    “Yun submarine project siguro kung natuloy top secret info pa rin. But got from a very reliable source that Marcos uses a submarine to get to his secret hideout of gold. Very little info yun naibigay ng dating close sa Marcos but it was a big vault na top to bottom puno ng gold bars. No idea siya sa location and kung Yama****a gold yun if you’re going to ask (kasi unahan ko na kayo if I know ). Missile project, hirap kasi to keep in storage fuel nun more so maintaining the missiles. Very corrosive kasi ang fuel nyan. At least may tech na pala tayo to make these. Pa post naman ng pix for us to see.”

  14. At least may tech na pala tayo to make these. “sayang nga e un ang frustration bakit di tinuloy may pic @si enrile nandun sayang talaga

    • marcos has the money and had ruled for almost 20 years. he was not able to do it. you expect the next leaders to build the same projects without money and ruled only for short period?

      • you expect the next leaders to build the same projects without money and ruled only for short period?– boom e di inamin mo rin na may mga project siya.. tsk tsk kaya wag basta basta mag people power baka magamit ng naglalabanan sa itaas. Mayroon pala talagang internal war at yun mga tao nag edsa edsa. lol! nagsimula lahat daw yan sa 1987constitution at dahan dahan nag privatized.. 🙂

          • he engaged in infrastructure project so he can milk it to the bones? At least may astig na pangarap sa bansa nya. Ngayon ba.. “ANONG NANGYARE!!!”

            I don’t understand the politics of marcos? – Eh ikaw ba naintindihan mo rin ba pulitika at motibo ng mga kalaban nya? baka hindi lang hanggang buto dumiskarte wagas hanggang kaluluwa!! kita nyo na ni ayaw nyo pag usapan mga na privatized after 86 revolt? mahirap talaga maunawaan labanan sa itaas.. magagamit ka lang– pera pera rin ang katumbas? Diba ganyan din mga aktibista nuon.. ngayon nakapwesto na, naawat ba nila privatization? pagmahal ng bilihin HINDI RIN! NAUTAKAN LANG SILA :0 dahil di kinaya powers ng pumalit kay marcos. O kaya mas pinili na lang nila “POLITICAL CAREER” 😉

            “sabi nga ng iba- si marcos lang kayang PUMALAG kahit sa mga oligarch”

            last post ko na ito—- diko naman pangarap na kumbinsihin ka. continue your blog and enjoy it! nadaan lang ako dahil nagimbal ako sa pag kumpara mo kay sec.robredo na nirerespeto ko at kay marcos na mayroon din akong respeto.

            • nangarap para paglakuan ang mamamayan. marami pa din namang leaders na may utak marcos pa rin kaya wala pa ring nangyayari sa pnas, pero mayroon namang leaders na gustong umasenso ang pnas. maghintay ka lang.. iyong idol mo matagal na nanungkulan nabankrupt ang PNAS. ang susunod mong post idedelete ko na dahil wala naman sense ang mga post mo. gumawa ka ng sarili mong blog to promote marcos..not my blog which does not believe in him.. sorry..

  15. iyong mijares book, very expensive, $80 to $200 dollars.iyong arillo book Greed and Betrayal, $13.00
    dahil iyong arillo book rubbish, kaya mura..— di naman pamahalan yun., If you believe in the cause you will give almost FREE!! pag binenta mo ng mahal — you’re doing business

  16. si arillo ay hindi pinapansin. si mijares at ang anak pinatay ng mga marcos people. this explain why his book stood among those other books.. he was among those who lost his life and his son because he dared to expose the marcos deception. this is lost on you.

    hindi mo sinasagot ang tanong ko na ang Bongbong Rocket pansanga sa mga Chinese sa Scarborough was started in 1970. marcos was deposed in 1986. he has 16 years to perfect it, but nothing happened dahil iyong pera sa project napunta siguro sa swiss banks…. ikaw ang nag-umpisa nintong defensive missile nasaan ito?

    ngawa ka ng ngawa ng ‘defensive missile’ – pero hindi mo naman tinapos para sa kabutihan ng sambayanan… rubbish!

  17. Pingback: Queens arts gallery re-members Philippine martial law with exhibit, performance and salon talk « in the theater of One World

    • what i can say about your link mr. nicanor rio de la cruz is that marcos had forfeited his right to say that this ‘nation can be great again’ because he was given 20 years to make it great, but he sold it to foreigners by massive borrowing then pocketing the borrowed money.

      “The glory of saving a country is not for him who has contributed to its ruin.” Jose P. Rizal.

  18. Jaime claims he respects Jesse but did not see the need to compare him with Marcos. Thereafter reciting his achievement on nuclear and possibilities that could have happened. Both were off target on principal matter of comparison.

    Jcc comparison was about moral character including family decision, not about accomplishment. Both had good motives in the beginning but went separate ways towards the end, Robredo on the good side, Marcos veered towards the dark side. Marcos family insisted on burial at Libingan On countless times while Jesse’s refused after one offer.

    Character, character, character! It runs in the genes, not acquired by education or wealth in the pocket.
    He he he

      • You’re welcome!
        Nice point of view. Will keep droping by as time permits.
        Read your blog from JoeAm link

        More power!
        He he he

        • yes, joeam who writes clean english and loves more the country than most filipinos do, made that blogcenter site. joeam is just like jess robredo, whom detractors denounced as a ‘chinese’ but turned out to be more public-service oriented than the real filipino politicians. it is crazy that people think that good sense is a matter of skin color.. 🙂

  19. @Johnnyy Lin
    http://postimage.org/image/cxegcreiz/ — (may punto si jaime kung napondohan ng husto ang rocket research and development after marcos) During the early introduction of rockets to Europe, they were used only as weapons. –

    The evolution of the rocket has made it an indispensable tool in the exploration of space.


    • very misleading itong mga links mo nicanor de la cruz… after the snap elections in 1986 in which marcos had overspent, the peso was devalued.. the cost of running the govt. under marcos was almost the same at the time of cory, but on peso terms, having been reduced to 75 per cent its purchasing power, the govt. needed more peso than marcos reign because of the devaluation.

      the extra-judicial killings at cory’s time were perpetrated by the same military scalawags which marcos had cultivated under his administration.. the same extra-judicial killing under erap and gma were of the same fingerprint as those under marcos, military job…. the martial law apparatus was still there to address the protests of students, farmers and other groups… it was your idol, marcos, who built this apparatus of terror.

      i will give your more details of the economy after marcos had left.. i read it from another book.

    • Wind energy was not Bongbong’s project in Bangui, Ilocos Norte. It was a project by a group of Filiino and foreign investors. And they are collecting from P30 to 40 million amount to amortize the $40 million loan. Ilocos Norte was the first site for wind energy because it was there where the engineers determined ‘consistency of windblows.’ But DANIDA, the company that set up the windmills in Ilocos Norte is exploring other areas in the country for this alternative and cheaper source of electricity.

      “In Bangui, erecting the windmills was among the last and shortest step involved in the long process of the project. It began in 1999, when NorthWind was formed by Danish and Filipino engineers and investors. NorthWind set up meteorological towers in Bangui and collected data about wind behavior in the area. The group, led by Danish businessman Niels Jacobsen, then worked to secure loans and permits for the project. The wind farm was built under the build-operate-and-own scheme, via a $40-million loan from the Danish Development Agency (DANIDA).”


  20. Eleven years after the government absorbed P800 billion worth of debt with the privatization of the National Power Corp. (Napocor), a lawmaker on Wednesday said the government had made a mistake in ceding control of the country’s power supply to private companies.-erin tanada


  21. marcos made a mistake in ceding the country to foreign banks… the following leaders made smaller mistakes of privatizing energy distribution, etc…. but it is not an argument that because there were subsequent leaders that were also corrupt, marcos’s corruption is now excused. i would like to see them all hanged or be firing-squad at the luneta. we can start with GMA, Mike Arroyo, Ramos, Erap, Corona, Danding, Singson, Enrile, Honasan, Ampatuans, and others. let us bring our collective contempt against the public servants who betrayed the people… but let us not forget that marcos was the greatest thief of them all.

    “Cesar Parlade was the head of research (PCGG). He was also an accountant with quiet disposition and patience to deal with the formidable mountain of documentation and numbers. He was good at his job with a reputaton for hard work and efficiency. He would soon be rewarded with a promotion to commissioner. The documents he provided painted an incredible picture of greed gone out of control Now I could see why the Guinness Book of Records named Marcos the world’s greatest thief.” (Asian Loot by Chares McDougald, p. 11).

    “As evidence that Marcos was in possession of enormous quantities of gold bullion far in excess of known Philippine reserves, Friedman tracked down two Australian brokers who in the early 1980 had negotiated nine contract with Marcos to sell a total of $1.63-trillion in gold. They established for the court record, and to the satisfaction of the jury, that the deals were made, and were not a fiction. The documentation they provided established beyond any doubt that Marcos did have in his possession and did sell $1.63-trillion worth of gold bullion. The Australians would also testify that that while visiting Marcos they were blindfolded and taken to a warehouse where the blindfolds were removed, and they saw that the warehouse was full of gold bars.” (Gold Warriors, by Sterling and Peggy Seagrave, p. 219).

  22. Tilting at windmills: Bongbong Marcos’ wind farm initiative
    Posted on 30 November 2009
    By Alma Anonas-Carpio

    The story of how Ilocos Norte Rep. Bongbong Marcos and his associates in the effort to free the town of Bangui from “dirty electricity”–electricity that dips and spikes—eerily echoes Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes’ opus The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha. Not just over the matter of “tilting at windmills,” but also over the path the congressman from the north had to beat to provide the Ilocos region with a steady, clean power supply.
    Many in Manila have forgotten the blackouts of the 1990s. It is said that the reliable utilities like clean(read: steady) electricity and water, as well as reliable communications drive economic growth. Outside of imperial Manila, however, these utilities are luxuries.
    “I remember that a friend once told me about wind power using windmills in 1998. I didn’t pay that comment much mind back then,” Marcos said in an interview with the Graphic.
    “In 2002, I saw a patch of land in Bangui that was not good for planting crops or raising livestock. It was not good for anything. I asked one of my friends to go to that area and see if it would be suitable for use as a golf course, perhaps we could make a tourist destination of it instead of letting it go to waste,” he disclosed. “My friend said it would not make a good golf course because it was too windy.”
    That was when the mustard seed planted in 1998 took root and sprouted, Marcos said. “That’s when my friends’ comments connected: Windmills were a potential source of clean energy and the place in Bangui was windy. So that was when we began planning a wind farm. I also wanted to free my constituency from dirty electricity–the kind that spikes and drops and destroys electronic equipment so that our people here did not want to buy appliances because the erratic power would destroy such equipment.”
    The idea was good, he said, but the implementation was not easy, as there were no laws or guidelines in place for building windmill turbines for power generation. “We had to find sources of funding and we had to feel our way through the various clearances and certifications that were needed for the project because there were no guidelines for us to follow,” Marcos noted. “This had never been done before. We did not have carbon credits to start up with, either.” Funding came in the form of a Dutch government grant as assistance to this project, among others.
    Carbon credits, he explains are an environmental incentive given to firms that work to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, provide clean energy and use environmentally-sound practices and power. Such credits can be exchanged for cash or used to purchase more green technology and equipment. Carbon credits have become so successful an endeavor, Marcos said. “that there are firms that do nothing but trade in carbon credits. There are billions of dollars being traded just in carbon credits. That is how large the potential benefits of working to promote the environmental agenda is.”
    Marcos noted that Ilocos Norte is at the very end of the country’s northern power grid, a situation that makes “every problem on the power grid our problem, as well, because each trip (in power supply) affect us.” The windmill farm, he said, was meant to provide the residents in the northernmost towns “with a power supply that would compensate for the dirty electricity and power fluctuations that were plaguing us.”
    Then there was the matter of getting the locals to agree to the installation of windmills in Bangui, the easiest of the tasks Marcos had to complete on his quest for greener power for his constituents. “We had no problem with the local consultations. We explained the technology to the people and brought it to the mandatory hearing and consultations. They agreed to the installation of the wind farm because they saw the benefits to this technology for their community and for the rest of the province.”
    Now, the Bangui wind farm is harnessing the winds that whip the northern tip of the country and, on a good day, provides 34 megawatts of power. This wind farm provides between 30% and 45% of the Ilocos region’s power requirements – a much larger, better result than any of the project proponents, Marcos included, had anticipated.
    As an added bonus, the windmill farm has also become a tourist attraction, a development that “we never foresaw,” he said, adding that “we also did not foresee that our efforts to stabilize our own power supply would result in making our province a clean-energy model for other regions.” These, he said were pleasant surprises, “especially since starting the project was so difficult for us.”
    Now, the problem Marcos and his associates in the windmill farm endeavor is in “finding a supply for our turbines” as demand for wind power and windmill turbines has grown considerably, “to the point that the United States has brought out our supply.” Marcos turned to “some old friends in China, who introduced me to one of China’s three turbine manufacturers.”
    The Bangui project should soon see better, more efficient turbines capable of generating more megawatts of electricity, he added, as the Chinese turbine-makers “buy the best available turbines, reverse engineer them and offer windmills that incorporate the best features from the other manufacturers at a lower cost.”
    The highest maintenance cost for the windmills of Bangui, Marcos said, “is in debugging. We have to constantly clean the blades of our turbines because insects get caught in them, stick to them and reduce their efficiency. It is not easy or cheap to clean turbines this big, I will tell you. We have to spray them down with water regularly to keep them functioning at peak efficiency.”
    Marcos also cautioned that, while Ilocos has a set fine example with its clean power production, windmills “are not for everybody. The people who helped set up the Bangui project will probably look at other locations that may wish to harness wind power, set up one windmill and leave it there for a year to monitor the wind density and other factors that need to come together for wind turbine power generation to be viable in the area. If, after one year, these factors are not favorable for the development of wind farms, the experts will tell potential wind project proponents that wind farms are not viable option for them.”
    Wind power also has its season, Marcos pointed out. “We have months when we expect more wind and, therefore greater wind density and power output, and there are the months when we expect the power generation capacity to taper off a bit because we will have less wind .” This, he said, makes a wind farm good as backup system for traditional power production methods, “but not as a main power source. You still need traditional power plants to provide the regular supply. In the future, when turbine technology is further refined, perhaps it would be possible , but not now.”
    Is Marcos titling at windmills? Yes, he is and he seems to be doing so with a reasonable level of success that says, yes, looking for ways to provide clean power and to live in harmony with the environment can be beneficial indeed.
    (Originally published in Graphic Magazine | 09 Nov, 2009)

    • we could have really built this without borrowing money had only the marcoses did not loot the foreign loans and had they been honest that they have the gold of yamashita.

      • eh ano ngaun? hirap ng buhay dami mo alam d mo nakikita resulta ngaun sisi lng kayo nga sisi kay marcos germany at japan nga bilis naka recover pagkatapos ng gera

  23. Man held in scam over fake Marcos gold certificates


    Police have uncovered an attempted pounds 5bn fraud against a bank in London involving gold supposedly hoarded by Ferdinand Marcos, the former Philippines dictator.
    A 47-year-old Australian is accused of trying to trade fake gold certificates giving him access to tons of bullion in a Swiss bank.

    The man, who has not been named, was arrested on Monday in Melbourne after an operation involving the City of London and Australian police. Earlier this month a group of Australians is said to have approached Rothschild bank and asked for $7bn credit.

    As collateral it is said to have been offered certificates showing ownership of the bullion, said to be worth $9bn. The bank contacted police, who alerted investigators in Melbourne.

    The two forces carried out a joint operation to track down the man and recover the certificates. The man, from the Melbourne suburb of Albert Park, has been charged with possessing false documents and was bailed on Monday to appear in court in February.

    Inspector Jeff Calderbank, heading the inquiry in Australia, said: “It’s alleged that a number of people approached the bank in London to trade gold certificates for a line of credit to the value of $7bn.

    The gold was allegedly worth $9bn, but they were asking for only a percentage as a line of credit. “They were holding forged gold certificates. It is alleged that the gold bullion … was supposed to be held in a Swiss bank (and) was bullion from the coffers of Ferdinand Marcos.”

    Under the state of Victoria’s Crimes Act, the man can be tried in Australia and does not need to be extradited to London. In 1986 Marcos and his wife, Imelda, fled the Philippines when a popular movement ended his rule. They flew to Hawaii, where Ferdinand died in 1989.

    He is reported to have stashed billions of dollars in gold in Swiss vaults during his rule. But, despite searches, the Philippines has failed to prove the gold exists.

    Mrs Marcos says her husband legitimately built up a fortune by trading in gold, but the certificates were stolen when they fled the Philippines.

    Click to access bengal.PDF

    • Yes, The same thing happened with the Nazi Gold in Swiss Banks after their defeat in WWII. The bank denied these gold having been deposited in the Bank.

      The Marcos gold, which were deposited in SWIss banks, were earlier admitted, but later denied because the Bank in collusion with the CIA wanted these gold for themselves.
      You should read the book Gold Warriors. Please understand that the Roger Roxas Buddha was genuine.

      Seagrave also said that in exchange with Marcos safety at Hickam Air Force Base in Hawaii, his gold deposits were surrendered/confiscated by the U.S.

    • “Why are banks so evasive, and how can they deny having accounts? The answer is that there is much money to be made by delays. Merrill-Lynch sat for many years on a $35 million in Marcos assets, and said not a word until the end of 2000 when they were ordered by a court to relinquish the funds. During those years, significant profits were made on the dormant funds. Swiss banks adamantly deny having Marcos accounts, but early in 2001 Irene Marcos and her husband were accused by the German government of attempting to launder $13.4-billion by moving it from Swiss banks to Deutshe Bank in Frankfurt. For decades, the same Swiss Banks denied sitting on the assets of Holocaust victims. Heirs may show all manner of evidence, only to be told their documents are false. If they press, the risk arrest for negotiating ‘counterfeit’ instruments. But who says the docments ae counterfeit?

      For example, a document we reproduced on our CDs is a certificate that assured President Sukarno of Indonesia that quantities of gold and platinum he deposited in Swiss banks were guaranteed by all the members of the Swiss banking trust, whose signatures are conspicously displayed and easily validated. Yet every effort by Sukarno’s heirs to access the account failed, and the very idea that a Sukarno estate exists is derided. While some Sukarno precious metal certificates indeed may be counterfeit, how can you know for sure until an expert opinion is rendered? As the bank in question has a vested interest in claiming fraud, it is hardly the proper judge to render validity on the matter. Only by testing the document in a court of law that judgment can be made, but as we saw in the case of Norbert Schlei, that avenue is subject to abuse.” (Gold Warriors, Peggy and Sterling Seagrave, p. 231).

  24. Hearsay

    is the legal term for testimony in a court proceeding where the witness does not have “direct knowledge of the fact asserted”, but knows it only from being told by someone. In general the witness will make a statement such as, “Sally told me Tom was in town,” as opposed to “I saw Tom in town,” which is direct evidence. Hearsay is not allowed as evidence in the United States, unless one of about thirty eight[1] exceptions applies to the particular statement being made.
    The hearsay rule is an analytic rule of evidence that defines hearsay and provides for both exceptions and exemptions from that rule. There is no all-encompassing definition of hearsay in the United States. However, most evidentiary codes defining hearsay adopt verbatim the rule as laid out in the Federal Rules of Evidence, which generally defines hearsay as a “statement, other than one made by the declarant while testifying at the trial or hearing, offered in evidence to prove the truth of the matter asserted.”[2]
    Historically, the rule against hearsay is aimed at prohibiting the use of another person’s statement, as equivalent to testimony by the witness to the fact. Unless the second person is brought to testify in court where they may be placed under oath and cross-examined.
    Visual evidence

    is material of a visual nature presented in a courtroom. This can include photographs, drawings, videos, computer models, and any other visual media. There are a number of ways in which visual evidence can be used. Outside of court, visual evidence is also used in settings like boardrooms and classrooms to provide visual representations of materials under discussion for people who absorb information more easily when it is presented visually.

    The purpose of visual evidence, like other evidence, is to provide supporting information that helps prove the facts of a case. This evidence may be presented to clarify, to expand upon evidence already presented, or to disprove a claim brought up by the other side. For example, a witness could testify that she was close enough to a shooting to see the gun used by the accused. The defense could present visual evidence in the form of a computer model of the site where the shooting took place to demonstrate that the witness was too far away for her claim to be believable.

  25. Napansin ko kasi madalas mo i focus ang libro mo nabasa, at binabasa, ang tanong ko ngayon tinatanggap ba sa korte ang libro bilang ebidensya na isinulat ng kung sinu-sino. O ikunukunsidera rin ang libro bilang hearsay sa batas?

    • hindi ba sapat na ibedensya saiyo na ang mga duffel bags nila marcos sa hawaii at kinumpiska ng immigration ay mga bank certificates, jewelries, newly printed peso bills? iyong mg librong binabasa ko galing sa authoritative sources, lalo na iyong mga libro ni Alfred Mccoy. google him please. Truth is not always determined in the courts of law. General Sakay, the foremost Filipino patriot was considered a bandit by the court, Marcos was not the murderer of Nalundasan, Rizal was a traitor, Bonifacio was a traitor, General Luna was murdered as a traitor, Ninoy Aquino was adjudged guilty as murderer.. OJ Simpson is not guilty of the murder of his ex-wife and his wife’s boyfriend. Lucio Tan is not a tax evader. If you believe that truth can only be processed in court, then you are in for a rude awakening.

      Books and periodicals are acceptable as evidence… Weight of the evidence is totally another issue…

  26. Kasi kung talagang alam na alam mo nangyari during marcos pati paglabas pasok ng pera na ninakaw nya na gaya ng sinasabi mo. Pwede kang witness o kaya isa ka sa kasama nya. Ako kasi sa visual na nakikita ko masasabing maraming project si makoy lalu na arm forces natin. Na aywan ko bakit maraming aktibista ang tumutol nuon panahon na iyon. Mga leftist siguro.

    • both the marcos regime and the npa were engaged in torture, kidnappping and murders. no doubt about it… and both should be condemned.. but i will not see the torture, kidnapping and murders of the NPA as excuse for marcos, ramos, erap, gma doing the same.

    • first, i don’t believe in the video that says the Hacienda Luisita was purchased from the funds of the Katipunan because the old cojuangco matriarch was the mistress of antonio luna.

      here is the link which says that it was purchased using the money borrowed from GSIS, and the dollar component was borrowed from a foreign bank which was guaranteed by the central bank.


      while the massacre in mendiola and hli was tragic, such was an incident between the protagonists: farmers and military men who still have the ‘pulbura’ mentality — carry over of the marcos regime on subsequent regimes.. you can also see that in the 2001 scuffles between the estrada mobs and the military men under GMA in the streets of mendiola resulting to some deaths while trying to retake malacanang.. it was not only during cory’s reign where massacre happened.. one recent massacre is the maguindanao massacre under GMA…. not every killing that happened in their watch could be blamed directly on malacanang… but in the case of marcos, every major killing could be traced to him because he has cultivated the culture of terror among his underlings. you have to read historian alfred w. mccoy, conjugal dictatorship by mijares, waltzing with a dictator by bonner, marcos dynasty by sterling seagrave… these people have researched tons of papers to document their positions, contrary to some few links you find online whose authorships could not be credibly established.. but i welcome your anti-aquino posture.. we need devils’ advocate to make sure that they behave themselves in office as accountable officials and not as untouchable aristocracy.

      democracy is such a very tenuous concept — allowing everyone, with a keyboard to smoke, a warp mind, and an internet connection to download his horseshits online. demagogues and patriots alike are free to compete in this marketplace of ideas.. if one is not discerning, he could be actually imbibing rubbish, instead of a nugget.

      • And if I may add, sir. A Youtube video isn’t the best source of historical facts. My imaginary eight year sister can chop up data and add it up in a stew pot to come up with a story about Macario Sakay and Tandang Sora being related by blog.

        And to echo the post of your other commentors: Don’t mind the trolls. The best way to get rid of them (at least constructively) is to avoid them. They aren’t after discourse, they’re just here for the attention. Trust me.

        • I admire the level of details to the account of Mr. Seagrave on the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant deal, as if he was there all the time when all these happened.

          It makes me wonder if the Fukushima Nuclear power plant in Japan which was constructed by the sea and within the pacific rim of fire, which was hit by tsunami and earthquake in 2011, was also done by corrupt people. Hmmnnn…..

  27. Pingback: Anonymous

  28. JCC, wag niyo na pong patulan ang mga Marcos loyalists na naliligaw dito sa blog mo. Aasarin ka lang ng mga yan. Marcos, Hitler, diktador, tuta!

      • Just thought to share below news to your readers. Nowhere near in parallel to Marcos loot, but with a bit of similarity.
        I originally saw this an hour ago at Raissa’s blog, posted by a one Emong.

        Osmeña links GMA to ‘grandmother of all scams’

        By Ira Pedrasa, ABS-CBNnews.com

        Posted at 09/17/2012 6:34 PM | Updated as of 09/17/2012 8:46 PM


        ‘President’s Bridge scam bigger than NBN, North Rail cases’

        Horn: Bridge Program not just GMA’s

        Arroyo lawyer: We challenge Osmeña to go to court

        MANILA, Philippines (2nd UPDATE) – Former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo devised a scheme to overprice by tens of billions the P111-billion President’s Bridge Program, Senator Serge Osmeña alleged on Monday.

        In a statement, the senator said the other cases such as the National Broadband Network-ZTE and North Rail deals pale in comparison to this so-called “serial plunder.”

        He said, “these P111 billion serial scams are 8 times the [NBN] ZTE contract and 5 times the North Rail contract.”

        He called the 14 bridge contracts as the “grandmother of all scams.”

        He said the Filipino people would have saved around P61 billion were it not for the scheme.

        Osmeña has already asked the Senate Blue Ribbon Committee to probe the bridge contracts, which were supposedly misrepresented as having been funded via the Official Development Assistance (ODA).

        Not just a GMA program: Horn

        In a text message, Elena Bautista Horn, Mrs. Arroyo’s spokesperson, said: “We won’t even bother to speculate on the motive and timing of the latest accusations of Sen. Serge Osmeña. The President’s Bridge Program spans four administrations.”

        She added that the Bridge program was undertaken not just during the Arroyo administration but with 3 other previous ones, so the accusation also affects previous presidents as well as the governments of Britain and France.

        “Tandaan po natin na dumaan sa masusing proseso ang lahat ng kontratang ito. Kaya di lamang ang dating pangulo ang pinaparatangan ni Sen. Osmeña, kundi ang mga nakaraan at kasalukuyang pangulo, ang mga ibang gobyerno gaya ng Britanya at Pransia, pati ang daan-daang mga tapat at marangal na kawani na nagaral ng mga proyekto,” she said.

        She urged those interested about the program to check the documents with the implementing agencies.

        “Kung may mga katanungan po sila, maaari po ninyong matingnan ang mga papeles sa mga iba’t ibang ahensya na humawak ng programa.”

        ‘One man’s crazy opinion’

        For his part, lawyer Ferdinand Topacio challenged Osmeña to file the case before the proper court rather than at the committee, “which is highly politicized.”

        “He’s shooting his mouth off. If he really has the evidence, then he should file it in court…It’s just a privilege speech, it’s one man’s crazy opinion,” he told ABS-CBNnews.com

        He said the timing of Osmeña is suspect. Bringing the case before the Blue Ribbon Committee will only push senators to grandstand ahead of the 2013 polls.

        Topacio said he does not know if the former president has already been apprised on the matter. He said, however, he has already discussed the issue with Arroyo’s husband, the former First Gentleman Mike Arroyo.

        Steel bridges

        Osmeña said Arroyo and other officials formulated a complex scheme that would push the costs of the bridges beyond fair market prices.

        These were disguised as “local expenses,” which averaged 16% to 21% of the total project cost amounting to around P20 billion, he alleged.

        “Such a fee is big considering that each steel bridge is estimated by the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH)–and I think they were underestimating it–to cost around P560,000 per linear meter. But our concrete bridge costs only P240,000 per linear meter,” Osmeña said.

        He asked why the Arroyo administration had to buy the more expensive steel bridges when the stable ones, such as the Sykway, are made of concrete.

        “The Filipino people would have spent only P50 billion instead of P111 billion if we had hired Filipino producers to build the same length of concrete bridges,” he said.

        He noted the steel bridges are now “rusting” in various parts of the country.

        By justifying the projects as ODA-funded, these did not go through public bidding, he added.

        “Mrs. Arroyo must explain to the Filipino people these very anomalous series of contracts that they forged with foreign companies. She and her cohorts could be held liable for plunder because this involves P111 billion in people’s money,” he added. — with a report from RG Cruz, ABS-CBN News

        There is a comment below the article that is worth reading. I did not copy and paste for fear that I maybe breaching legally or morally.

  29. Let’s not dignify them! Their language itself would reveal the kind of conscience & thinking they have! Marcos & ilks are a history of thievery, murder & greed! Nothing can erase that! Most importantly, God knows it all!

  30. Hi JCC, you can call me JVS and it is likewise representative of my true identity as yours is. It is quite sad the some loyalists act like that instead of providing intelligent discourse.

    I will no longer delve into the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant because as we all know most if not all infrastructures here in the Philippines are of substandard quality hence I would not risk operating a device of that magnitude and turn myself green due to radioactivity.

    Nevertheless I would like to answer your comparison between Sec. Robredo against the Pres. Marcos.

    It is quite lame to compare the two individuals because huge differences in the circumstances surrounding them.

    Pres. Marcos ruled in a very tumultuous time. It was the height of the Cold War, the Vietnam War was at its peak, and the Middle East Crisis was practically threatening to destabilize major economies of the era. However, albeit the situation, the former president was able to provide the Filipinos their needs. Please allow me to enumerate a few.

    Philippine Heart Center
    Philippine Kidney Institute
    Lungsod ng Kabataan Children’s Hospital
    Lung Center of the Philippines
    IR8 Mirracle Rice which made the Philippines self-sufficient with rice
    etc etc…

    He built more hospitals, schools, roads, and bridges than all the presidents combined, before and even after him.

    During his regime the exchange rate for the US$ to the PhP is only $1 = ₱2; a far cry from today’s $1 = ~42.

    You were here when Marcos was deposed from Malacañang. Since that time until you left in 2000; can you cite an instance when the Philippines bettered its lot? As a matter of fact the Philippines went from better to worst; in matters of the economy, peace and order, even the image of the Philippines in the international community went down the drain.

    Quoting you:
    “country, was to pack duffel bags with cash, jewelries, gold, bank certificates, deposits accounts and newly-printed Philippine money from Central Bank and head off to Hawaii – leaving the economy bankrupt and their victims, the Filipino people, to pay for their debts from the World Bank/IMF.”

    Don’t go about blaming the previous administration for the incompetence of the next because it simply does not solve any problem. Don’t go about blaming an institution that you were also a part of because you become contributory to the problem as well.

    The Marcoses are NOT patriots. As a matter of fact NO FILIPINO can claim patriotism. Anyone who does that is probably lying or he/she simply does not know what “patriotism” means.

    Marcos was a nationalist and he fostered nationalism – more especially during his last days as the president.

    Marcos was far from infallible. As a matter of fact he has his fair share of atrocities here and there. But he also led the Philippines to survival in a time of extreme uncertainty.

    As for Mr. Robredo, I cannot make any comparison between him and Mr. Marcos because I never even heard of him until his plane crashed. I do not think either are comparable because they lived in different times and situations.

    Mr. JCC I believe you are a product of the First Quarter Storm thus explains your animosity toward the Marcos regime. This is a time I can no longer remember for I was born way later than you. However, I was already politically aware at a very young age and I witnessed the decline of the Philippines from 1986 to the present. You on the other hand left the Philippines in the year 2000 which brings to thought, “How can you see in real light what is happening in the Philippines when you actually left it 12-13 years ago?”

    Mr. JCC in case you have the chance to come back here and if you have the chance to ask the common “Juan dela Cruz” more specially the ones who knew the Marcos regime, try to ask them “Aling panahon ang mas maayos? Panahon ni Marcos o ngayon?”

    If you can actually tell them in their faces, “Mas OK ang panahon ngayon kesa sa nuong panahon ni Marcos…” albeit earning less than $2 a day feel free to do so.

    I’ll be putting my contact information here and you will be able to see it. Should you have any reactions as to my post, feel free to do so.

    • i think johnny lin explains it all… the comparison is only as far as using ‘kingmaker’ to make them politically current…marcos, the lopezes, robredo, the villafuertes.

  31. Quoting Johnny Lin: “Robredo on the good side, Marcos veered towards the dark side.”

    I guess judging a person’s character based on what was seen, heard, done, or most specially – propagated is indeed the norm for human beings. It is also not surprising that the evil is highlighted instead of the good. All presidents (or public figures) of the Philippines has in one way or the other committed corruption, deceit, atrocity, (you name it) in one way or another. However, it is but fitting for a person’s accomplishment to be duly credited where it belongs.

    • Oh and by the way, I read your topic which has the “gunggong and bakla” thing by another person here; thus I would like to apologize in his behalf for the inappropriate language. Rest assured that NOT all Marcos loyalists have the same boorish demeanor in intelligent discussions.

  32. Just one more thought; if Marcos had really been that vile monster as he is depicted right now, He could have ordered the marines to attack and the air force to rain its bombs on EDSA even before the 25th of February 1986. However despite Fabian Ver’s repeated requests to give the order to strike, Marcos was adamant in giving out the order NOT to attack out of concern for the civilians put in harm’s way by no other than the archbishop of Manila. I have personally witnessed this for it was televised live on TV and I was watching ch.4 before it was taken over by the enemy.

  33. Such an interesting read Mr. JCC. Unfortunately sir the information you have provided, or shall we say your “evidence” for such claims is already third party or in court parlance “hearsay evidence.” It came from an author/historian who presumably has NO PERSONAL knowledge of the events, who simply INTERVIEWED personalities involved in the events, and who WROTE a book about the event LONG AFTER THE INCIDENT HAS TRANSPIRED. Indeed this is no criminal court proceeding where proving guilt beyond reasonable doubt is a must. Nevertheless, it would be prudent to provide more credible proof for such claims, such as a document or even a personal knowledge of such.

    “As one commenter in GRP said, why would Ver and Marcos would discuss stragey in dealing with the rebels front of TV reporters?”

    In a volatile situation similar to 1986, giving out an order to attack or not is hardly a tactic or strategy at all. Everybody knew there WILL BE AN ATTACK.

    Your statement “A typical Marcos style…” indicates of a biased prejudice against the former president and your “Very unlikely.. ” hints UNCERTAINTY.

    This gives me the impression of a prejudgement despite the lack of concrete certainty against a man.

    With due respect sir I believe that you were a practicing lawyer back then and as such I expected more instead prejudgements toward an individual. Nevertheless I do consider your insights as YOUR OPINION and I due respect that. Furthermore I do admire you penchant for paraphrasing quotations from various authors however, their situations differed vastly from that of 1986.

    • well, let us look at it this way: he denied having an affair with dovie beams, he claimed he acquired 27 war medals majority of which was fake, he pillaged the economy together with his cronies, he confiscated the businesses of the oligarchs and turned them over to his own oligarchs… he declared martial law to prolong himself in power, his reelection in 1969 was marred with massive vote-buying which devalues the peso after elections, he corrupted the military by promoting only those loyal to him. those are only the few of his venalities.

      please tell me sir, if your guy is entitled to my trust instead of a biased judgment… 🙂

  34. hehehehe.. after marcos commandered newly-printed central bank bills in 1969 to finance his reelections, the country was flooded with money which economists would say, “printed out of thin air.” the result was the devaluation of the peso, from 4 to 1 dollar to 25 to 1 dollar. the economy has not been able to recover after that…. it spirals into a tailspin.. courtesy of marcos irresponsible spending.

  35. Quoting you:
    “after marcos commandered newly-printed central bank bills in 1969 to finance his reelections, the country was flooded with money which economists would say, “printed out of thin air.” the result was the devaluation of the peso, from 4 to 1 dollar to 25 to 1 dollar. the economy has not been able to recover after that…. it spirals into a tailspin.. courtesy of marcos irresponsible spending.”

    Although these actions of Marcos are incontrovertible, it is not the sole reason for the devaluation of the Philippine currency. There are several reasons why a currency devaluates:

    Supply and Demand
    Trade Deficits
    Collapse of Confidence
    Price of Commodities
    Interest rate Differential

    These are just a few reasons.

    Quoting: Dr. Sampson O. Amoafo

    “• Printing Money. Note printing money does not always cause inflation. It will occur when the money supply is increased faster than the growth of real output.

    • Note: the link between printing money and causing inflation is not straightforward. The money supply does not just depend on the amount the government prints.”

    With this fact in hand, is it still worthwhile to keep on blaming the dead guy for the current woes the country is suffering?

    The point here now is not who or what caused the problem because by this time we already know it.

    What we should be looking for, is how to solve the problem that was caused by an act made 44 years ago. It has been 27 years after the so-called People Power Revolution yet until now the Philippines is worse than ever.
    Still a lot of Filipinos need to leave families and love ones just to earn a decent amount to put food on the table. Still, the economy of the Philippines rests at the back of the OFWs.

    Again, if I may repeat myself, blaming the previous administration simply does not solve any problem anymore.

    Quoting you:
    “please tell me sir, if your guy is entitled to my trust instead of a biased judgment… ”

    Oh no sir. Your trust is a privilege that only you can give to a person based on a personal discretion.

    As I have mentioned earlier the former strongman is far from infallible.

    However a judgement on the other hand is best left to the PROPER AUTHORITIES lest YOU be guilty of the same despotic act YOU HAVE BEEN FIGHTING.

    • precisely, marcos by pillaging the treasury, created a crisis of confidence — investors shied away from the country, major govt. services cannot be delivered because the country has been bankrupted by marcos and his cronies. that succeeding leaders were also corrupt is not an argument that marcos was less corrupt… i think he is the number 1 thief of them all.

  36. @jcc:
    Unfortunately sir it appears that you have been missing my points. Back reading where our conversation began it appears that you have NOT really provided a direct clash or answer to any my arguments.

    In your last reply to me; you said,

    “that succeeding leaders were also corrupt is not an argument that marcos was less corrupt… i think he is the number 1 thief of them all.”

    However, my main argument there is NOT whether Marcos is innocent or guilty NOR whether he is less culpable or not than today’s politicians.

    What I have been waiting for is your counter argument on;


    Apparently, all your responses are at best opinions or sentiments; and of course it is your right to express them. 😀

    • when eisenhower liberated the various holocaust sites in germany in 1945, he ordered that the pile of dead people be photographed because future generations might forget that things like these happened.

      consider my blog as photographs to remind us of those dark years in our political life.

      please do not sound like the americans in 1890, asking us to forget that they have murdered thousand of us, the insurectos so they can easily govern and expoit the country without the sad memories of our struggle.

      and yes of course, it is easy for the filipinos to move on and let the marcoses enjoy their loot and forget about those who had fallen during the struggle against their rule. just like the way we had been programmed by our conquistadores that their motive was benevolent, not malevolent, and let them write the history for us.. no sir… we will not let the marcoses and their allies write the history of the country from 1964 to 1986.

  37. @jcc:

    Sadly, once again sir you failed to answer a very simple and straight forward question.
    As a matter of fact this is a mere YES/NO question. Maybe you can add a why or how but bottom line is this is a simply YES/NO question.

    “please do not sound like the americans in 1890, asking us to forget that they have murdered thousand of us, the insurectos so they can easily govern and expoit the country without the sad memories of our struggle.”

    Sir I find your statement contradictory to your actions and utmostly preposterous coming from you. Is it I who is acting/sounding like an American or is it YOU? Is it I who actually forgot or is it YOU who REALLY FORGOT?
    If I remember correctly it is YOU NOT I who actually left the Philippines to live in the US in the land of the Americans whom you accuse of murdering the Filipinos for their personal gain?

    If may quote you, “I migrated to the US in  2000…”

    Without the so-called exploits of the Americans back then, there would be no “land of the milk and honey” or “the Great American Dream,” or “the inner peace” for you to enjoy. This decision is actually perplexing. If the incidents that happened back in 1890 matter so much for you, how can you choose to live amongst the descendants of the ones who committed the atrocity? How can you even take part in the benefits that the United States affords its citizens or residents which would never have been possible without their so-called malevolent actions in the past?

    Such an interesting point of view coming from an individual who actually left his own country to live in another. Most specially to the country of the ones who pillage his native land. 🙂 Interesting… Really… 🙂

    “when eisenhower liberated the various holocaust sites in germany in 1945, he ordered that the pile of dead people be photographed because future generations might forget that things like these happened.”

    Comparing your blog to Eisenhower’s actions is an overstatement on your part.

    Genocide is a far cry from the martial law of the Philippines. Indeed there were atrocities on the part of the government but not to that magnitude.

    “consider my blog as photographs to remind us of those dark years in our political life.”

    Unfortunately sir your “photograph” is half an image and as such half truth; and HALF TRUTHS ARE ALWAYS WHOLE LIES. 🙂

    If indeed the goal is to remind Filipino posterity of the “martial law history” the least one could do is to paint the WHOLE PICTURE of things, both the good as well as the bad. After all, every Filipino owes the younger generation the WHOLE TRUTH.

    “and yes of course, it is easy for the filipinos to move on and let the marcoses enjoy their loot and forget about those who had fallen during the struggle against their rule.”

    There is a thin hairline between remembering history and being bitter about the past. I certainly hope you are aware of the difference. 😀

    “just like the way we had been programmed by our conquistadores that their motive was benevolent, not malevolent, and let them write the history for us.. ”

    Is this the reason why YOU a FILIPINO chose the UNITED STATES as your new home? 🙂 You were also programmed that the US is the benevolent land of the free?

    With due respect sir I find this statement hypocritical coming from someone who emigrated from the Philippines to migrate into the US, land of the Americans, one of the conquistadors of the Filipino nation.

    “no sir… we will not let the marcoses and their allies write the history of the country from 1964 to 1986.”

    I assure you history is being written by every Filipino HERE but the Marcoses. 🙂

    • my coming to the U.S. does not make my skin white. my wife and I worked hard to live here and out of that fruit of sweat and honest toil, we send money to our relatives in rp which contribution together with the collective remittances of OFWs all over the world makes RP economy afloat while most filipinos left behind were busy dipping their fingers into the treasury. how about that for a better perspective?

      and you were simple-minded… you are totally clueless about american foreign policy being decided by big business… while american sense of justice is seen through ordinary americans protesting on the streets their anti-imperialism and anti-war sentiments. there are lots of americans who detested their colonial design in RP in the 1890s, and in Vietnam in 1970s; in iraq and afghanistan in 2000s and elsewhere in this world..

      ordinary american people who went to the streets to protest the vietnam war made the policy-makers reconsider their position in the entire southeast asia.

      in 1899-1902 war between the “insurectos” and the americans which led to wholesale massacre of filipinos, it was the american press that exposed the atrocities of the americans against the filipinos, not the filipino press.

      it was the american press who exposed the balangiga massacre in samar, the mai lai massacre in vietnam and the haditha massacre in iraq, also the abuses at abu ghraib prison.

      if only you read your history, you will be enlightened, but what can you expect from a marcos loyalist? they run their arguments the way headless chickens run on the street totally without illumination and direction. 🙂

      my coming to america does not come with me embracing its hideous foreign policy. i am free to join mainstream americans who protest on the streets and on media their opposition to war and any pretension of their leaders.

      if only you read american opposition to vietnam war, iraq, afghanistan and somalia, you will realize that there is a big difference between their foreign policy and the sentiments of their people on the streets. i am a filipino yet i am an american mainstream on the street. i have not surrendered my right to express my civil right against those who craft american foreign policies, and my birthright to speak against those who betrayed our beloved country, the Republic of the Philippines.

    • of course it is easy for marcos sympathizers to call anyone who would point to their pillaging of the country as being bitter. i call it refreshing our memory so we can spot similar despots miles away.

  38. hello po my mga nag pa fill up ng form dito na wealth daw ni marcos i ambag sa mga tao bullion buyer LTD…how tru is this wanna have a true assurance of this…wala naman kasi hinihingi na maski peso para ma member na tayo para beneficiaries sa wealth na release sabi nga sa mga nag pa fill up…is any one can give any assurance who is officer of this para naman maliwanagan kami ksi if totoo sayang naman…mahirap lang kami thanks.

  39. Alexa, you have to go to the right person for your query. Please direct your question to Human Rights Chair, Etta Rosales. I am pretty sure, she will be much willing to assist everyone on this issue.

    • marcos hitmen killed some estimated 30-50 muslims recruits for the jabidah project, but you were incensed with the 12 deaths of muslim filipinos in sabah.. so it is okay for marcos to kill the muslims, but not for the muslim malaysian to kill muslim filipinos.

      but don’t get me wrong. i condemned in the most searing terms the malaysians for killing the muslim filipinos in sabah…. the sultanate of sulu can claim sabah if it has the firepower to defend its claim from the malaysians. but if he could not, he should not fault the govt. for staying out of the conflict because the sabah issue has an international repercussion that can put RP in war against the Malaysians.

      Kiram and his family started the conflict in Sabah without government “go-ahead” signal. Why expect a government support now?

  40. i watched ur video sir it says tausugs from that time is not interested in taking back sabah and now they are fighting for it?… hahai

  41. the tausugs have no interest in fighting for sabah, it was the sultans, the kirams who by birthright own sabah that are fighting for it. but you missed the argument entirely.. marcos through jabidah project tried to infiltrate sabah beause he was given the power of attorney by the sultans to claimfor sabah. therefore he recruited the the tausugs as special force to invade sabah.. but the tausug recruits were starved and not paid but when they complained about their situation, their army superiors massacred them.

  42. Please read Sterling Seagrave’s Marcos Dynasty; Primitivo Mijares’s Conjugal Dictatorship by Ferdinand and Imelda; Alfred McCoy’s Closer Than Brothers; Sandra Burton’s Living Dangerously; Raymond Bonner’s Waltzing with A Dictator; William Rempel’s Delusions of a Dictator..

    If you argue with material support of your posisiton, you will see it in my blog, otherwise I will delete your next comment, because you were simply heckling and you were not contributing anything new in the thread.. 🙂

  43. Were Living now in 2013, if you look back which one is much better? the time of marcos or our time now? if you look our country how is it? Do we have improvement? Which one is much respectful on other country time of marcos or now? How’s the Philippines? How’s our Showbiz Government? if you look on our Government we can say only few Government Official are Qualified on that position. i didnt born on the time of marcos i dont have the right to say what marcos really do on his regime they say Marcos is the Best Corrupt President. we can say He’s Corrupt. but did you see the what is Philippines back then? Were the 2nd Richest Country in the S.E.A. but now where are we? what can you say about the plain housewife to become a president? what are the things she do on our country?

  44. d housewife ended marcos plunder and his ruthless rule.. you cannot put an economic value in that because that is priceless… people can say bad things about their govt. again. something you were no allowed to during marcos peak at power..

    find out what happened to primitivo mijares and his 17 year ol son when the elder mijares wrote about ‘conjugal dictatorship’. search this blog, i wrote about it.

    where did you get the idea that we had been the second richest country in the s.e.a. during marcos time, from d book for every tear victory?

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